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|Title:||Pilot study on university students’ opinion about STEM studies at higher education|
Sánchez-Gómez, M. C.
|Citation:||Verdugo-Castro, S., Sánchez-Gómez, M. C., García-Holgado, A., & Bakieva, M. (2020). Pilot study on university students’ opinion about STEM studies at higher education. In F. J. García-Peñalvo (Ed.), Proceedings TEEM’20. Eighth International Conference on Technological Ecosystems for Enhancing Multiculturality (Salamanca, Spain, October 21st - 23rd, 2020). ACM. https://doi.org/10.1145/3434780.3436616|
|Abstract:||The percentages of women enrolled in higher education in the STEM sector are significantly lower than those of men. Overall, gender representation in science, technology, engineering and math-ematics degrees in Europe is not balanced. The Leaky Pipeline phe-nomenon, marked by gender stereotypes, makes the latent gender gap a relevant topic of study. Studies exist on academic performance, self-perception, self-efficacy, outcome expectations; however, study-ing gender stereotypes linked to STEM studies is also essential. It is necessary to know the social and family context in which young people have grown up, as well as their perception of such studies. To study gender stereotypes of university students about STEM studies, a questionnaire has been designed for empirical validation. For the design of the instrument, to be validated, items from other instruments have been taken and adapted to Spanish. After the design of the instrument, an online pilot study has been applied in the University of Salamanca, the University of Valencia and the Polytechnic University of Valencia. A total of 115 people answered the questionnaire. The results of the pilot study reveal that the study sample is not particularly marked by gender stereotypes about gender equality in STEM. Also, the sample is receptive to learning about science and applying it in their lives. On the other hand, the idea that women have to give up their studies and careers to look after their families and children is rejected. The idea that men are more interested in university studies than women is also rejected. At the same time, the sample is aware of the difficulties that women encounter in the STEM sector. Another optimistic point of the results is that there are no alarming data on bad experiences due to gender. In the future, the study will be replicated on a larger scale.|
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